Do you know that the strongest substance found in humans is the tooth enamel? The enamel forms the outermost layer of the teeth and gives it protection from the wear and tear caused due to the teeth being subjected to daily use such as chewing. It also protects the teeth from heat and cold, which it is exposed to when you eat or drink. Enamel also prevents your teeth from eroding due to the effect of acids and chemicals.
Enamel, which is the outermost part of the teeth, covers dentine. Dentine is the calcified layer and another major part of the teeth. But it is not as strong as enamel. Dentine is sensitive to heat, cold and sweet.
Once the enamel erodes, the dentine is directly exposed to the food, which could be hot, cold or sweet. Dentine is capable of stimulating the nerve cells when exposed to such foods and you will feel a stinging or painful sensation while eating. Therefore, you should consider taking care of your teeth wise to prevent enamel erosion.
Reasons for enamel erosion
- If you are fond of drinking a lot of soda, soft drinks, any other carbonated beverages or fruit drinks and do not maintain good oral hygiene you will increase the chances of enamel erosion. There are bacteria which thrive on glucose and excessive consumption of sugar results in production of acids which gradually erodes the enamel.
- But it is not only the sugar which causes enamel erosion. If you are eating a lot of candies or sour food it will also cause enamel erosion. Sour food is acidic in nature and the acids are not good for enamel.
- Did you know that your saliva works as a disinfectant for your mouth? Saliva has alkaline properties which helps reduces the effect of acids in your mouth. If your mouth is low on saliva, it may cause enamel erosion.
- Did you ever think that acidity in your stomach could also cause enamel erosion? If you have acidity, the acids in your stomach are carried all the way to your mouth and cause enamel erosion.
- Did you know that frequent binge boozing could also cause enamel erosion? People who drink too much and too frequently also end up vomiting. The acids released through vomit help in enamel erosion.
- Some medicines, such as vitamin C supplements and aspirin have high acid content. Frequent usage of these medicines may result in enamel erosion.
Enamel erosion does not happen in a day. But continued unhygienic oral activities will result in subsequent enamel erosion which is an irreversible process.